KUALA LUMPUR, June 28 -- Ukraine on Monday marked the 25th anniversary of its Constitution, adopted by Ukraine’s Verkhovna Rada (Parliament) in 1996 almost five years after gaining independence from the ex-Soviet Union.
Ukraine’s embassy in Kuala Lumpur pointed out although Ukraine’s contemporary Constitution is only 25 this year, there is a 311-years-old legislative piece of Ukrainian Constitutional heritage.
It is in fact the first document in the world to establish a democratic standard for the separation of powers in government between the legislative, executive, and judiciary branches.
“At the dawn of the 17th century, the Zaporizhian Host Cossacks pioneered the path with a unique and unprecedented document in those days called “The Pacts and Constitutions of Rights and Freedoms”, also known as the Pylyp Orlyk Constitution,” it said in a statement here.
Enacted in 1710, the Constitution was originally written in two copies - the Old-Ukrainian and Latin languages. The Old-Ukrainian-language version, signed by Cossack Hetman Pylyp Orlyk and sealed by the King Charles XII of Sweden, is currently kept in the Russian State Archive in Moscow, it said.
The Latin-language version is preserved at the National Archives of Sweden. “For decades Ukraine was trying to make this piece of historic and legislative heritage available for the Ukrainian public.
“According to the arrangement between the Ukrainian and Swedish governments announced in May 2021, the Constitution and the mace of Pylyp Orlyk will make its way back to Ukraine for the first time in 311 years, to be displayed in Kyiv as a part of the celebration of the 30th anniversary of Independence,” the statement added.