1. Will Ukraine declare war against Russia and it's people as more and more Ukrainian go against the government including the military?
Ukraine has no intention to declare war against Russia. Despite that after the anschluss of Crimea, the Kremlin went over to second stage of the war on Ukraine. They started a covert operation in the country’s East.
They stick to the same routine as in Crimea. First – deploying professional military and mercenaries on Ukrainian territory. Second – paying local radicals and criminals to pose as “pro-Russian forces”. Third – trying to make it look like a turmoil coming from beneath. But it doesn’t look like that at all. Unlike the December-February Euromaidan in Kyiv, it’s not a domestic uprising, but a full-blown foreign aggression on Ukraine.
There are valid proofs of “special-ops groups” being deployed on the ground. These are not Ukrainians. These are professional Russian mercenaries waging a war on Ukrainian territory. Some of the faces have been recognized from Crimea. Some of the faces are familiar from Georgia-2008. Saboteurs with Russian citizenship are being apprehended throughout the country. These and other things, including intercepted radio traffic confirm: these are foreigners, invaders.
Ukraine is fighting back. It cannot allow the Russian-equipped, Russian-paid and Russian-deployed special-ops units spread fear on Ukrainian people. The population in Eastern Ukraine is scared of strangers in green uniforms coming and ruining their daily lives. Stopping them, protecting own people is the direct obligation of Ukraine’s government. And in doing so it’s entitled to count on global support.
The population in Eastern Ukraine is scared of strangers in green uniforms coming and ruining their daily lives.
According to the Embassy information no one military unit of Ukraine moved to the separatists side. On April 16 in the Kramatorsk town the Ukrainian military refused to fire on unarmed locals, who were used as a life shield, and were disarmed by separatists. However, there is no reason to say that the Ukrainian military turned separatist’s coat.
2. How can you describe the situation now in Ukraine especially in the eastern part of the country?
The protests in the East of Ukraine have a political but not ethnic character. Seizure of the Government buildings happened in those cities where was the largest political support for former President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych. In particular, the Yenakiyevo tawn that separatists captured last week is the home town of V.Yanukovych.
Currently the most active separatist actions occur in small towns of Donetsk region – Yenakievo, Kramatorsk, Slaviansk and Gorlivka, as well as in Donetsk city. It should be noted that the demonstrations are not very massive unlike the December-February Euromaidan in Kyiv.
At the same time, some government buildings in the mentioned towns of the Donetsk region have been seized by well organized armed separatists. According to the Security Service of Ukraine, the organizers of these armed separatists groups are the personnel of the Russian Army Special Forces. At the same time 90 % of the members of these groups are the criminal local elements.
At the moment, the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine together with the Police carried out anti-terrorist operation in the Donetsk region. However, every effort is undertaken to avoid casualties among the locals.
3. What's actually the dissatisfaction that lingers around the Ukrainian people towards the government? Why is this happened when Crimea was taken by Russia? Why do you think Ukrainian choose Russia in this situation?
I am confident that the overwhelming majority of Ukrainians support the new Government, as well as sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine.
I do not know any Ukrainian who would positively react to the annexation of the Ukrainian Crimea by Russia.
On April 17, 3,000 people in Donetsk and 1,000 people in Lugansk participated in rallies in support of a unified Ukraine. I won’t judge whether it’s a lot or little. But I know that these people are the most active patriots. People who just want to live peacefully in a stable and unified Ukraine – as in hundreds of times more.
Now the citizens of Ukraine are demanding from the new Government effective economic reforms, fighting corruption, lustration, decentralization, providing more authorities to the regions. In the East of Ukraine some people also insist to give the state status to the Russian language in those regions.
Only the radical movements, which are inspired and backed by Russian special subversive forces sent to Ukraine insist on so-called federalization of the country and proclaimed self-declared illegal state formations. But these slogans are not supported nor by majority of the people neither by main political forces of the regions.
4. From your point of view in Malaysia, how do you think this confrontation can be avoid?
Following the meeting of Ukraine-EU-US-Russia in Geneva on 17 April a number of agreements on initial steps were reached to deescalate tensions in the Eastern regions of Ukraine and restore security for all citizens. In particular, it was agreed that all sides must refrain from any violence, intimidation or provocative actions. All illegal armed groups must be disarm, all illegally seized buildings must be returned to legitimate owners. The OSCE Special Monitoring Mission should play a leading role in assisting Ukraine authorities and local communities in the immediate implementation of the declared measures, preliminary, to disarmed illegal militants and to release the captured buildings. The participants underlined the wiliness to provide additional support to Ukraine for economic and financial stabilization.
The agreement reached in Geneva could mark the first tangible step to defuse the political and security crisis in Ukraine. However the deal left many issues unanswered. It didn’t commit Russia to back next month President Elections in Ukraine. It doesn’t require Russia to pull its troops back from the border with Ukraine, nor to cancel the Resolution of the Parliament of Russian Federation "The use of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation on the territory of Ukraine" № 48-SB, which was adopted on March 1, 2014.
In this connection, Ukraine requires now the maximum support of the international community in economical, financial and military aspects.
5. How Ukrainian can be saved from any intervention?
The answer on this question could be very short. To avoid any intervention to Ukraine, we need our state to become stronger from the economic and financial point of view. We need to strengthen and modernize our Army Forces, to revisit the security concept in general. All these can be achieved by embarking the road for Ukraine towards the European structures.